IAS vs IPS; See Powers, Responsibilities, Salary and many other significant aspects

IAS vs IPS; See Powers, Responsibilities, Salary and many other significant aspects

Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services (IPS) are two of the most sought-after and important All India Services that existed before the declaration of independence. Both IPS and IAS are crucial since they are the foundation of development within the country. The government administration is accountable for both IAS as well as the IPS. Revenue and Law and Order are two of the main components. Development and Security both are crucial to the growth of the country. IAS and IPS are the two main important pillars of development and security in India. Candidates for both of these services are chosen through a standard examination (Civil Services Exam) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

The IAS and IPS are mutually beneficial and do not have a rivalry for power. IAS as well as IPS each are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service is called IAS and Indian Police Service is called IPS. IAS and IPS are the most crucial duties in the management of the government of districts. IAS and IPS complement one another. Both are essential for the growth of Indian society. IAS as well as IPS officers have radically different roles, backgrounds, education, cadre controlling authority, salaries, and powers.

Let’s review the primary differences between IAS and IPS.

The evolution of IAS and IPS

Prior to Independence, IAS and IPS both services were dominated by the Europeans due to the fact that only a handful of Indians could pass the Civil Services Exam. After independence, these services were opened up to the Indian citizens only , and the eligibility requirements were altered to favor Indians. Indian Administrative Service (ICS) is the continuation of Imperial Civil Services (ICS) which was widespread throughout the colonial time. Civil Services are related to collecting revenues from agricultural land and hence the title “Collector”. It was one of the first positions in the British company, and was the first step in the coveted civil services.

The existence of the Imperial Police is also reflected in IPS. However the need for Police Bureaucracy was mentioned in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.

The process of recruitment

Each year every year, both IAS and IPS are selected through the UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS Aspirants fill the service preference of their choice on the Detailed Application Formula (DAF) of UPSC and Department of Personnel and training assign the selected candidates to the job based on their rank and preference. Candidates typically choose IAS as their first option as well as IPS as their second.

The popularity of IAS can be seen in the example that the UPSC Civil Services exam is widely known as the IAS exam. IAS overshadowed all the other public service exams in the Civil Services Exam and in the real world, too.

Cadre Controlling Authority

IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority oversees the posts and transfer officers. Although both IAS and IPS are considered All-India Services, they each have their individual Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Personnel is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IAS. This ministry reports directly to the Prime Minister. The Cadre Controlling Authority (IPS Cadre Controlling Authority) is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs, which is under the supervision of the Home Minister of India.

UPSC will forward the recommendation list of the candidates to the Ministry of Personnel after the Civil Services exam result and after that, all information of the candidates is shared with the concerned Cadre Controlling Authorities.


The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration is where the newly selected IAS/IPS officers are enrolled to take a 3-month common foundation course. After the foundation course, the IAS officers remain at the LBSNAA and all the other officers went to their specialised training institutes. IPS officer trainees are sent to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the remainder of their training. IAS probationers are taught for two years, while IPS officers undergo training for two quarter years.

The top student of the IAS training receives The President’s Gold Medal and the Prime Minister’s Baton is given to the winner of the IPS training course.

IAS training is more focused on management coordination, administration and management of the resources and manpower. IPS training includes physical education and other laws required for law enforcement activities. IPS training is more difficult and requires more physical exertion. It includes horse riding, parade, the training of armaments, as well as other items required for law enforcement.

Responsibilities and Powers

After a specified number of years, the selected IAS officers are elevated to District Magistrate (DM). The DM, who is the coordinator at the district-level, has the power to make a final decision. The DM is the primary of all committees at the district level and departmental meetings. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM is also accountable for the district’s police department. In the city, the decisions related to curfew Section 144, curfews, etc. The DM is the one who has to make these decisions.

In a magisterial structure of governance, DM has the power to command the firing in order to disarm the mob or other related situations. The approval of DM is required to transfer specific police officers.

IPS is posted as the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in the district. He’s more concerned with the law and order of the city. For certain warrants, he needs the approval of IAS officers.

The roles for both IAS and IPS services is very wide and both are listed on powerful posts, but IAS is far more effective as an DM. An IPS is accountable to the department it is in charge ofBut, an IAS (DM) is the one with oversight of all districts. As DM IAS officers, an IAS officer is responsible for the head of the police and other departments.

According to one protocol, the IPS officer must salute the IAS in the event that he’s a senior member of the IAS. It is also a rule that the IPS will take off his cape and uniform after his seat has been taken. Some states have adopted the commissionerate system for their cities. The system grants police officers more power however, it is less powerful than the IAS.

Scope of duty

An IAS officer can also be a DM within any department within the district. In contrast, when an IPS is a SSP, he is not able to operate in the traffic and police departments of his/her district. The duties of the job of a DM are vast and encompass all departments within the district. The DM manages the district even during Disaster Management, when the army is known as. He is comparable to a major within the army.

Another position within the district is called the IPS. He must ensure the law and order of the city. He is more worried about the work of the departments and the directions he has been given by the DM.


Uniform separates IAS and IPS. There isn’t a uniform specific for IAS officers. They just need to wear formal clothing at the official events However, IPS have to wear their prescribed uniform. The uniforms of IPS officers change based on their rank. The IPS officer puts Ashok the symbol of their shoulders.

In public spaces, the public recognizes IPS officers due to his or her uniform. But they are not IAS.

Top Posts

The IAS could be appointed as the Cabinet Secretary for the Government of India. It is the most prestigious position in the Indian bureaucratic structure at which only an IAS officer can be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The top post in the state bureaucratic structure is that of the Chief Secretary of the state government. The position is only held by an IAS officer. IAS officers can also hold the position of Union Home Secretary. 

The Director-General of Police is appointed by IPS. An IPS officer of the Union Government can become the Director of CBI, IB and RAW. Along with this, IPS can also be employed as a National Security Advisor.


The salary of an IPS officer in India has improved a lot following the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. The pay of an IPS could range from 56,100 per month up to 2,25,000 per month. The amount you earn depends on the length of your tenure. The pay of IAS is also greater than the amount recommended by the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS salaries range from Rs 56,100 up to 2,50,000 per month. It also varies based on seniority. The IAS salary is higher than IPS.


Chief Editor at Global Adventures Magazine

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